source: trunk/server/doc/ @ 2079

Last change on this file since 2079 was 2079, checked in by ezyang, 12 years ago
Some updates from setting up Wizard and Test servers.
File size: 16.1 KB
1# This document is a how-to for installing a Fedora server.
2# It is semi-vaguely in the form of a shell script, but is not really
3# runnable as it stands.
5# Notation
6# [PRODUCTION] Production server that will be put into the pool
7# [WIZARD]     Semi-production server that will only have
8#              daemon.scripts-security-upd bits, among other
9#              restricted permissions
10# [TESTSERVER] Completely untrusted server
12# 'branch' is the current svn branch you are on.  You want to
13# use trunk if your just installing a new server, and branches/fcXX-dev
14# if your preparing a server on a new Fedora release.
17# 'server' is the public hostname of your server, for SCP'ing files
18# to and from.
21# ----------------------------->8--------------------------------------
22#                       FIRST TIME INSTRUCTIONS
24# [PRODUCTION] If this is the first time you've installed this hostname,
25# you will need to update a bunch of files to add support for it. These
26# include:
27#   o Adding all aliases to /etc/httpd/conf.d/scripts-vhost-names.conf
28#     (usually this is hostname,, h-n,,
29#     scriptsN,, and the IP address.)
30#   o Adding routing rules for the static IP in
31#     /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth1
32#   o Adding the IP address to the hosts file (same hosts as for
33#     scripts-vhost-names)
34#   o Update SSH config at
35#       - server/fedora/config/etc/ssh/shosts.equiv
36#       - server/fedora/config/etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
37#       - server/fedora/config/etc/ssh/sshd_config : DenyUsers
38#     (the last part is critical to ensure that rooting one server
39#     doesn't give you root to all the other servers)
40#   o Put the hostname information in LDAP so SVN and Git work
41#   o Set up Nagios monitoring on sipb-noc for the host
42#   o Set up the host as in the pool on r-b/r-b /etc/heartbeat/
43#   o Update locker/etc/known_hosts
44#   o Update website files:
45#       /mit/scripts/web_scripts/home/server.css.cgi
46#       /mit/scripts/web_scripts/heartbeat/heartbeat.php
48# You will also need to prepare the keytabs for credit-card.  In particular,
49# use ktutil to combine the host/ and
50# host/ keys with host/ in
51# the keytab.  Do not use 'k5srvutil change' on the combined keytab
52# or you'll break the other servers. (real servers only).  Be
53# careful about writing out the keytab: if you write it to an
54# existing file the keys will just get appended.  The correct
55# credential list should look like:
56#   ktutil:  l
57#   slot KVNO Principal
58#   ---- ---- ---------------------------------------------------------------------
59#      1    5 host/
60#      2    3 host/
61#      3    2 host/
62#      4    8 host/
64# The LDAP keytab should be by itself, so be sure to delete it and
65# put it in its own file.
67# ----------------------------->8--------------------------------------
68#                      INFINITE INSTALLATION
70# Start with a Scripts kickstarted install of Fedora (install-fedora)
72# IMPORTANT: If you are installing a server without the benefit of
73# Kickstart (for example, you are installing on XVM, it is VITALLY
74# IMPORTANT that you go through the kickstart and apply all of the
75# necessary changes--for example, disabling selinux or enabling
76# network.)
77#   XXX We should make Kickstart work for test servers too
79# Take updates, reboot if there's a kernel update.
80    yum update -y
82# Get rid of network manager (XXX figure out to make kickstarter do
83# this for us)
84    yum remove NetworkManager
86# Make sure sendmail isn't installed
87    yum remove sendmail
89# Check out the scripts /etc configuration
90    cd /root
91    \cp -a etc /
92    chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers
94# Make sure network is working.  Kickstart should have
95# configured eth0 and eth1 correctly; use service network restart
96# to add the new routes from etc in route-eth1.
97    systemctl restart network.service
98    # Check everything worked:
99    route
100    ifconfig
101    cat /etc/hosts
102    cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth1
104# This is the point at which you should start updating scriptsified
105# packages for a new Fedora release.  Consult 'upgrade-tips' for more
106# information.
107    yum install -y scripts-base
108    # Some of these packages are naughty and clobber some of our files
109    cd /etc
110    svn revert resolv.conf hosts sysconfig/openafs nsswitch.conf
111    # Troubleshooting: if accountadm, tokensys and nscd fail to install
112    # you probably forgot to turn off selinux
114# Replace rsyslog with syslog-ng by doing:
115    rpm -e --nodeps rsyslog
116    yum install -y syslog-ng
117    systemctl enable syslog-ng.service
119# Install the full list of RPMs that users expect to be on the
120# servers.
121rpm -qa --queryformat "%{Name}.%{Arch}\n" | sort > packages.txt
122# arrange for packages.txt to be passed to the server, then run:
123# --skip-broken will (usually) prevent you from having to sit through
124# several minutes of dependency resolution until it decides that
125# it can't install /one/ package.
126    yum install -y --skip-broken $(cat packages.txt)
128# Check which packages are installed on your new server that are not
129# in the snapshot, and remove ones that aren't needed for some reason
130# on the new machine.  Otherwise, aside from bloat, you may end up
131# with undesirable things for security, like sendmail.
132    rpm -qa --queryformat "%{Name}.%{Arch}\n" | grep -v kernel | sort > newpackages.txt
133    diff -u packages.txt newpackages.txt | grep -v kernel | less
134    # here's a cute script that removes all extra packages
135    yum erase -y $(grep -Fxvf packages.txt newpackages.txt)
136    # 20101208 - Mysteriously we manage to get these extra packages
137    # from kickstart: mcelog mobile-broadband-provider-info
138    # ModemManager PackageKit
140# We need an upstream version of cgi which we've packaged ourselves, but
141# it doesn't work with the haskell-platform package which expects
142# explicit versions.  So temporarily rpm -e the package, and then
143# install it again after you install haskell-platform.  [Note: You
144# probably won't need this in Fedora 17 or something, when the Haskell
145# Platform gets updated.] [It's not obvious to me that this actually
146# works]
147    rpm -e ghc-cgi-devel ghc-cgi
148    yum install -y haskell-platform
149    yumdownloader ghc-cgi
150    yumdownloader ghc-cgi-devel
151    rpm -i ghc-cgi*1.8.2*.rpm
153# ----------------------------->8--------------------------------------
154#                      SPHEROID SHENANIGANS
156# Note: Since ultimately we'd like to move away from using per-language
157# package manager and all of these be RPMs, it is of questionable
158# importance how much /good/ automation for these is necessary.
160# Warning: For a new release, we're supposed to check if Fedora has
161# packaged up the RPM.  Unfortunately we don't really have good incants
162# for this.
164# Install the full list of perl modules that users expect to be on the
165# servers.
166    cd /root
167    export PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1
168    cpan # this is interactive, enter the next two lines
169        o conf prerequisites_policy follow
170        o conf commit
171# on a reference server
172perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 | cut -f 3 -d '<' | cut -f 1 -d '|' | sort -u | perl -ne 'chomp; print "notest install $_\n" if system("rpm -q --whatprovides \"perl($_)\" >/dev/null 2>/dev/null")' > perl-packages.txt
173# arrange for perl-packages.txt to be transferred to server
174    cat perl-packages.txt | perl -MCPAN -e shell
176# Install the Python eggs and Ruby gems and PEAR/PECL doohickeys that are on
177# the other servers and do not have RPMs.
178# The general mode of operation will be to run the "list" command
179# on both servers, see what the differences are, check if those diffs
180# are packaged up as rpms, and install them (rpm if possible, native otherwise)
181# - Look at /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages and
182#           /usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages for Python eggs and modules.
183#   There will be a lot of gunk that was installed from packages;
184#   easy-install.pth in /usr/lib/ will tell you what was easy_installed.
185#   First use 'yum search' to see if the relevant package is now available
186#   as an RPM, and install that if it is.  If not, then use easy_install.
187#   Pass -Z to easy_install to install them unzipped, as some zipped eggs
188#   want to be able to write to ~/.python-eggs.  (Also makes sourcediving
189#   easier.)
190# 'easy_install AuthKit jsonlib2 pygit'
191cat /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/easy-install.pth | grep "^./" | cut -c3- | cut -f1 -d- > egg.txt
192    cat egg.txt | xargs easy_install -Z
194# - Look at `gem list` for Ruby gems.
195#   Again, use 'yum search' and prefer RPMs, but failing that, 'gem install'.
196#       ezyang: rspec-rails depends on rspec, and will override the Yum
197#       package, so... don't use that RPM yet
198# XXX This doesn't do the right thing for old version gems
199gem list --no-version > gem.txt
200    gem install $(gem list --no-version | grep -Fxvf - gem.txt)
201    # Also, we need to install the old rails version
202    gem install -v=2.3.5 rails
204# - Look at `pear list` for Pear fruits (or whatever they're called).
205#   Yet again, 'yum search' for RPMs before resorting to 'pear install'.  Note
206#   that for things in the beta repo, you'll need 'pear install package-beta'.
207#   (you might get complaints about the php_scripts module; ignore them)
208pear list | tail -n +4 | cut -f 1 -d " " > pear.txt
209    pear config-set preferred_state beta
210    pear channel-update
211    pear install $(pear list | tail -n +4 | cut -f 1 -d " " | grep -Fxvf - pear.txt)
213# - Look at `pecl list` for PECL things.  'yum search', and if you must,
214#   'pecl install' needed items. If it doesn't work, try 'pear install
215#   pecl/foo' or 'pecl install foo-beta' or those two combined.
216pecl list | tail -n +4 | cut -f 1 -d " " > pecl.txt
217    pecl install --nodeps $(pecl list | tail -n +4 | cut -f 1 -d " " | grep -Fxvf - pecl.txt)
219# ----------------------------->8--------------------------------------
220#                       INFINITE CONFIGURATION
222# Create fedora-ds user (needed for credit-card)
223useradd -u 103 -r -d /var/lib/dirsrv fedora-ds
225# Run credit-card to clone in credentials and make things runabble
226python push $server
228# This is superseded by credit-card, but only for [PRODUCTION]
229# Don't use credit-card on [WIZARD]: it will put in the wrong creds!
231#   # All types of servers will have an /etc/daemon.keytab file, however,
232#   # different types of server will have different credentials in this
233#   # keytab.
234#   #   [PRODUCTION] daemon.scripts
235#   #   [WIZARD]     daemon.scripts-security-upd
236#   #   [TESTSERVER] daemon.scripts-test
238# [PRODUCTION/WIZARD] Fix the openafs /usr/vice/etc <-> /etc/openafs
239# mapping.
240    echo "/afs:/usr/vice/cache:10000000" > /usr/vice/etc/cacheinfo
241    echo "" > /usr/vice/etc/ThisCell
242# [TESTSERVER] If you're installing a test server, this needs to be
243# much smaller; the max filesize on XVM is 10GB.  Pick something like
244# 500000. Also, some of the AFS parameters are kind of retarded (and if
245# you're low on disk space, will actually exhaust our inodes).  Edit
246# these parameters in /etc/sysconfig/openafs (This doesn't work in the
247# new systemd world order: try editing the unit file instead.)
248    echo "/afs:/usr/vice/cache:500000" > /usr/vice/etc/cacheinfo
249    vim /etc/sysconfig/openafs
251# Test that zephyr is working
252    systemctl enable zhm.service
253    systemctl start zhm.service
254    echo 'Test!' | zwrite -d -c scripts -i test
256# Check out the scripts /usr/vice/etc configuration
257    cd /root/vice
258    \cp -a etc /usr/vice
260# [PRODUCTION] Set up replication (see ./install-ldap).
261# You'll need the LDAP keytab for this server: be sure to chown it
262# fedora-ds after you create the fedora-ds user
263    ls -l /etc/dirsrv/keytab
264    cat install-ldap
266# Enable lots of services
267    systemctl enable openafs-client.service
268    systemctl enable dirsrv.service
269    systemctl enable nslcd.service
270    systemctl enable nscd.service
271    systemctl enable postfix.service
272    systemctl enable nrpe.service
273    systemctl enable httpd.service # not for [WIZARD]
275    systemctl start openafs-client.service
276    systemctl start dirsrv.service
277    systemctl start nslcd.service
278    systemctl start nscd.service
279    systemctl start postfix.service
280    systemctl start nrpe.service
281    systemctl start httpd.service # not for [WIZARD]
283# Note about OpenAFS: Check that fs sysname is correct.  You should see,
284# among others, 'amd64_fedoraX_scripts' (vary X) and 'scripts'. If it's
285# not, you probably did a distro upgrade and should update
286# /etc/sysconfig/openafs (XXX this is wrong: figuring out new
287# systemd world order).
288    fs sysname
290# Postfix doesn't actually deliver mail; fix this
291    cd /etc/postfix
292    postmap virtual
294# Munin might not be monitoring packages that were installed after it
295    munin-node-configure --suggest --shell | sh
297# Run fmtutil-sys --all, which does something that makes TeX work.
298# (Note: this errors on XeTeX which is ok.)
299    fmtutil-sys --all
301# Ensure that PHP isn't broken:
302    mkdir /tmp/sessions
303    chmod 01777 /tmp/sessions
304    # XXX: this seems to get deleted if tmp gets cleaned up, so we
305    # might need something a little better (maybe init script.)
307# Fix etc by making sure none of our config files got overwritten
308    cd /etc
309    svn status -q
310    # Some usual candidates for clobbering include nsswitch.conf,
311    # resolv.conf and sysconfig/openafs
312    # [WIZARD/TEST] Remember that changes you made should not get
313    # reverted!
315# Reboot the machine to restore a consistent state, in case you
316# changed anything. (Note: Starting kdump fails (this is ok))
318# ------------------------------->8-------------------------------
321# [OPTIONAL] Your machine's hostname is baked in at install time;
322# in the rare case you need to change it: it appears to be in:
323#   o /etc/sysconfig/network
324#   o your lvm thingies; probably don't need to edit
326# [WIZARD/TESTSERVER] If you are setting up a non-production server,
327# there are some services that it won't provide, and you will need to
328# make it talk to a real server instead.  In particular:
329#   - We don't serve the web, so don't bind
330#   - We don't serve LDAP, so use another server
331# This involves editing the following files:
332#   o /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:0
333#   o /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:1
334#   o /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:2
335#   o /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:3
336       \rm /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:{0,1,2,3}
337#   o /etc/nslcd.conf
338#       replace: uri ldapi://%2fvar%2frun%2fdirsrv%2fslapd-scripts.socket/
339#       with: uri ldap://
340#           (what happened to nss-ldapd?)
341#   o /etc/openldap/ldap.conf
342#       add: URI ldap://
343#            BASE dc=scripts,dc=mit,dc=edu
344#   o /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost_ldap.conf
345#       replace: VhostLDAPUrl "ldap://,dc=scripts,dc=mit,dc=edu"
346#       with: VhostLDAPUrl "ldap://,dc=scripts,dc=mit,dc=edu"
347#   o /etc/postfix/virtual-alias-{domains,maps}
348#       replace: server_host ldapi://%2fvar%2frun%2fdirsrv%2fslapd-scripts.socket/
349#       with: server_host = ldap://
350# to use instead of localhost.
351# XXX: someone should write sed scripts to do this
353# [WIZARD/TESTSERVER] If you are setting up a non-production server,
354# afsagent's cronjob will attempt to be renewing with the wrong
355# credentials (daemon.scripts). Change this:
356    vim /home/afsagent/renew # replace all mentions of
359#   - You need a self-signed SSL cert or Apache will refuse to start
360#     or do SSL.  Generate with:
361    openssl req -new -x509 -keyout /etc/pki/tls/private/scripts.key -out /etc/pki/tls/certs/scripts.cert -nodes
362#     Also make /etc/pki/tls/certs/ca.pem match up (XXX what's the
363#     incant for that?)
365# [TESTSERVER] More stuff for test servers
366#   - Make (/etc/aliases) root mail go to /dev/null, so we don't spam people
367#   - Edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/scripts-vhost-names.conf to have
368#     be an accepted vhost name
369#   - Look at the old test server and see what config changes are floating around
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