source: server/doc/install-howto @ 862

Last change on this file since 862 was 862, checked in by xavid, 14 years ago
Reload iptables to nix firewall.
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1This document is a how-to for installing a Fedora scripts.mit.edu server.
2
3Helper files for the install are located in server/fedora/config.
4
5* Start with a normal install of Fedora 9.
6
7* Edit /etc/selinux/config so it has SELINUX=disabled.
8
9* Check out the scripts.mit.edu svn repository. Configure svn not to cache
10  credentials.
11
12* cd to server/fedora in the svn repository.
13
14* Run "make install-deps" to install various prereqs.  Nonstandard
15  deps are in /mit/scripts/rpm.
16
17* Create a scripts-build user account, and set up rpm to build in
18  $HOME by doing a
19  cp config/home/scripts-build/.rpmmacros /home/scripts-build/
20  (If you just use the default setup, it will generate packages
21  in /usr/src/redhat.)
22
23* su scripts-build -
24
25* Make sure that server/fedora (where you currently are) is writable
26  by user scripts-build.
27
28* Use the Makefile to build the scripts.mit.edu-specific Fedora
29  packages.
30  - export PATH=$PATH:/usr/sbin
31  - make download
32  - make setup
33  - make all
34  - openafs-devel is a build-dependency of accountadm, so you'll need to
35    install the openafs-devel package you just built by hand when that fails.
36
37* Then install the packages you just built as root:
38   - yum localinstall --nogpgcheck accountadm-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm \
39       execsys-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm httpd* \
40       kmod-openafs-1.4.7-1.1.2.6.25_14.fc9.x86_64.rpm \
41       krb5-{debuginfo,devel,libs,pki,workstation-1}* \
42       logview-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm mit-zephyr-2.1-6-linux.x86_64.rpm \
43       mod_ssl-2.2.8-3.x86_64.rpm nss_nonlocal-* \
44       openafs-1.4.7-1.1.1.x86_64.rpm \
45       openafs-{authlibs,client,debuginfo,devel,docs,krb5}* openssh* \
46       sql-signup-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm tokensys-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm \
47       whoisd-0.00-0.x86_64.rpm
48
49* Rebuild mit-zephyr on a 32-bit machine, like the one at Joe's home.
50
51* Run "make suexec" and "make install-suexec" to overwrite
52  /usr/sbin/suexec with one that works. The one installed by the
53  newly-built Apache RPM is misconfigured.
54
55* Install and configure bind
56  - env NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum install bind
57  - chkconfig named on
58  - service named start
59
60* Check out the scripts /etc configuration, which is done most easily by
61  $ svn co svn://scripts.mit.edu/server/fedora/config/etc
62  # \cp -a etc /
63
64* Reload the iptables config to take down the restrictive firewall
65  service iptables restart
66
67* Copy over root's dotfiles from one of the other machines.
68
69* Replace rsyslog with syslog-ng by doing:
70  # rpm -e --nodeps rsyslog
71  # yum install syslog-ng
72
73* Install various dependencies of the scripts system, including syslog-ng,
74  glibc-devel.i386, python-twisted-core, mod_fcgid, nrpe, nagios-plugins-all.
75
76* Disable NetworkManager (with yum remove).
77
78* Fix the openafs /usr/vice/etc <-> /etc/openafs mapping by changing
79   /usr/vice/etc/cacheinfo to contain:
80        /afs:/usr/vice/cache:10000000
81
82* Figure out why Zephyr isn't working
83
84* Install the full list of RPMs that users expect to be on the
85  scripts.mit.edu servers.  See server/doc/rpm and
86  server/doc/rpm_snapshot.  (Note that this is only a snapshot, and not
87  all packages may in fact be in use.)
88
89* Install the full list of perl modules that users expect to be on the
90  scripts.mit.edu servers.  See server/doc/perl and
91  server/doc/perl_snapshot.
92
93  - export PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1
94  - Run 'cpan', accept the default configuration, and do 'o conf
95    prerequisites_policy follow'.
96  - Parse the output of perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 on an existing
97    server, and "notest install" them from the cpan prompt.
98
99* Install the Python eggs and Ruby gems and PEAR/PECL doohickeys that are on
100  the other scripts.mit.edu servers and do not have RPMs.
101  - Look at /usr/lib/python2.5/site-packages for Python eggs and modules.
102  - Look at `gem list` for Ruby gems.
103  - Look at `pear list` for Pear fruits (or whatever they're called).
104
105* echo 'import site, os.path; site.addsitedir(os.path.expanduser("~/lib/python2.5/site-packages"))' > /usr/lib/python2.5/site-packages/00scripts-home.pth
106
107* Install the credentials (machine keytab, daemon.scripts keytab, SSL
108  certs).
109
110*  If you are setting up a test server, pay attention to
111  /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts and do not bind scripts' IP address.
112  You will also need to modify /etc/ldap.conf, /etc/openldap/ldap.conf, and
113  /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost_ldap.conf to use scripts.mit.edu instead of
114  localhost.
115
116* Install fedora-ds-base and set up replication (see ./HOWTO-SETUP-LDAP
117    and ./fedora-ds-enable-ssl-and-kerberos.diff).
118
119* Install nslcd / nss-ldapd, which, unlike nss-ldap, doesn't crash every few
120  hours. Add /sbin/service dirsrv start and /sbin/nslcd to /etc/rc.local, or
121  better yet package nss-ldapd properly.
122
123* Make the services dirsrv, postfix, and httpd start at boot.
124
125* Run fmtutil-sys --all, which does something that makes TeX work.
126
127* (Optional) Beat your head against a wall.
128
129* I recommend setting noatime for the root filesystem in /etc/fstab.
130
131* Possibly perform other steps that I've neglected to put in this
132  document.
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