source: branches/locker-dev/server/doc/ @ 1959

Last change on this file since 1959 was 1190, checked in by mitchb, 15 years ago
Make the server install directions slightly more complete
File size: 9.1 KB
1# This document is a how-to for installing a Fedora server.
3set -e -x
5[ -e /scripts-boot-count ] || echo 0 > /scripts-boot-count
9boot=${1:$(cat /scripts-boot-count)}
11doreboot() {
12    echo $(( $boot + 1 )) > /scripts-boot-count;
13    shutdown -r now "Rebooting for step $(cat /scripts-boot-count)"
16YUM() {
17    NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum "$@"
20# Helper files for the install are located in server/fedora/config.
22# Start with a normal install of Fedora.
24if [ $boot = 0 ]; then
25# When the initial configuration screen comes up, under "Firewall
26# configuration", disable the firewall, and under "System services", leave
27# enabled (as of Fedora 9) acpid, anacron, atd, cpuspeed, crond,
28# firstboot, fuse, haldaemon, ip6tables, iptables, irqbalance,
29# kerneloops, mdmonitor, messagebus, microcode_ctl, netfs, network, nscd, ntpd,
30# sshd, udev-post, and nothing else.
31    echo "--disabled" > /etc/sysconfig/system-config-firewall
32    for i in NetworkManager avahi-daemon bluetooth cups isdn nfslock pcscd restorecond rpcbind rpcgssd rpcidmapd sendmail; do
33        chkconfig "$i" off
34    done
36# Edit /etc/selinux/config so it has SELINUX=disabled and reboot.
37    sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
38    doreboot
41if [ $boot = 1 ]; then
42# Create a scripts-build user account, and set up rpm to build in
43# $HOME by doing a
44# cp config/home/scripts-build/.rpmmacros /home/scripts-build/
45# (If you just use the default setup, it will generate packages
46# in /usr/src/redhat.)
47    adduser scripts-build
49# Check out the svn repository. Configure svn not to cache
50# credentials.
52    YUM install -y subversion
54    cd /srv
55    svn co svn://$source_server/ repository
57    sed -i 's/^(# *)*store-passwords.*/store-passwords = no/' /root/.subversion/config
58    sed -i 's/^(# *)*store-auth-creds.*/store-auth-creds = no/' /root/.subversion/config
60    chown -R scripts-build /srv/repository
62# cd to server/fedora in the svn repository.
63    cd /srv/repository/server/fedora
65# Run "make install-deps" to install various prereqs.  Nonstandard
66# deps are in /mit/scripts/rpm.
67    make install-deps
69# Install bind
70    YUM install -y bind
72# Check out the scripts /etc configuration
73    cd /root
74    svn co svn:// etc
75    \cp -a etc /
77# yum remove nss_ldap, because nss-ldapd conflicts with it
79# env NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum install scripts-base
80    YUM install -y scripts-base
82# Rebuild mit-zephyr on a 32-bit machine, like the one at Joe's home.
84# Remember to set NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 anytime you're setting up
85# anything, e.g. using yum. Otherwise useradd will query LDAP in a stupid way
86# that makes it hang forever.
88# Install and configure bind
89# - env NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum install bind
90# - chkconfig named on
91# - service named start
93# Reload the iptables config to take down the restrictive firewall
94# service iptables restart
96# Copy over root's dotfiles from one of the other machines.
98# Replace rsyslog with syslog-ng by doing:
99# # rpm -e --nodeps rsyslog
100# # yum install syslog-ng
102# Install various dependencies of the scripts system, including syslog-ng,
103# glibc-devel.i586, python-twisted-core, mod_fcgid, nrpe, nagios-plugins-all.
105# Disable NetworkManager with chkconfig NetworkManager off. Configure
106# networking on the front end and back end, and the routing table to send
107# traffic over the back end. Make sure that chkconfig reports "network" on, so
108# that the network will still be configured at next boot.
110# Fix the openafs /usr/vice/etc <-> /etc/openafs mapping by changing
111#  /usr/vice/etc/cacheinfo to contain:
112#       /afs:/usr/vice/cache:10000000
113# Also fix ThisCell to contain in both directories
115# Figure out why Zephyr isn't working. Most recently, it was because there
116# was a 64-bit RPM installed; remove it and install Joe's 32-bit one
118# Install the athena-base, athena-lprng, and athena-lprng-misc RPMs
119# from the Athena 9 build (these are present in our yum repo).  Note
120# that you will have to use --nodeps for at least one of the lprng
121# ones because it thinks it needs the Athena hesiod RPM.  It doesn't
122# really.  Before doing this, run it without --nodeps and arrange to
123# install the rest of the things it really does depend on.  This will
124# include a bunch of 32-bit rpms; go ahead and install the .i586 versions
125# of them.  In the case of the Kerberos libraries, you'll be told that
126# there are conflicting files with the 64-bit versions of the packages,
127# which we scriptsify.  You'll have to use --force to install those
128# rpms despite the conflicts.  After doing that, you may want to
129# install the corresponding 64-bit scriptsified versions again, just
130# to be safe in case the 32-bit versions overwrite files that differ.
131# When you try this, it will complain that you already have the same
132# version installed; again, you'll need to use --force to do it anyway.
133# Yuck.
135# Install the full list of RPMs that users expect to be on the
136# servers.  See server/doc/rpm and
137# server/doc/rpm_snapshot.  (Note that this is only a snapshot, and not
138# all packages may in fact be in use.)
140# Check which packages are installed on your new server that are not
141# in the snapshot, and remove ones that aren't needed for some reason
142# on the new machine.  Otherwise, aside from bloat, you may end up
143# with undesirable things for security, like sendmail.
145# Install the full list of perl modules that users expect to be on the
146# servers.
147# - export PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1
148# - Run 'cpan', accept the default configuration, and do 'o conf
149#   prerequisites_policy follow'.
150# - Parse the output of perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 on an existing
151#   server, and "notest install" them from the cpan prompt.
152# TO DO THIS:
153# On another server, run:
154# perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 | cut -f 3 -d '<' | cut -f 1 -d '|' | sort -u | perl -ne 'chomp; print "notest install $_\n" if system("rpm -q --whatprovides \"perl($_)\" >/dev/null 2>/dev/null")' > /mit/scripts/config/perl-packages.txt
155# Then on the server you're installing,
156#    cat perl-packages.txt | perl -MCPAN -e shell
158# Install the Python eggs and Ruby gems and PEAR/PECL doohickeys that are on
159# the other servers and do not have RPMs.
160# - Look at /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages and
161#           /usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages for Python eggs and modules.
162#   First use 'yum search' to see if the relevant package is now available
163#   as an RPM, and install that if it is.  If not, then use easy_install.
164# - Look at `gem list` for Ruby gems.
165#   Again, use 'yum search' and prefer RPMs, but failing that, 'gem install'.
166# - Look at `pear list` for Pear fruits (or whatever they're called).
167#   Yet again, 'yum search' for RPMs before resorting to 'pear install'.  Note
168#   that for things in the beta repo, you'll need 'pear install package-beta'.
169# - Look at `pecl list` for PECL things.  'yum search', and if you must,
170#   'pecl install' needed items.
172# echo 'import site, os.path; site.addsitedir(os.path.expanduser("~/lib/python2.6/site-packages"))' > /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/00scripts-home.pth
174# Build and install the scripts php module that enhances error logging info
175# XXX This thing really ought to be packaged
176# cp -r /srv/repository/server/common/oursrc/php_scripts /root
177# cd /root/php_scripts
178# ./
179# cp test/modules/ /usr/lib64/php/modules
181# Install the credentials.  There are a lot of things to remember here:
182#   o You probably installed the machine keytab long ago
183#   o Use ktutil to combine the host/ and
184#     host/ keys with host/ in
185#     the keytab.  Do not use 'k5srvutil change' on the combined keytab
186#     or you'll break the other servers.
187#   o The daemon.scripts keytab
188#   o The SSL cert private key
189#   o The LDAP password for the signup process
190#   o The SQL password for the signup process
191#   o The LDAP keytab for this server, which will be used later
192#   o Replace the ssh host keys with the ones common to all scripts servers
193#   o You'll install an LDAP certificate signed by the scripts CA later
194#   o Make sure root's .k5login is correct
195#   o Make sure logview's .k5login is correct
197# If you are setting up a test server, pay attention to
198# /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts and do not bind scripts' IP address.
199# You will also need to modify /etc/ldap.conf, /etc/nss-ldapd.conf,
200# /etc/openldap/ldap.conf, and /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost_ldap.conf to
201# use instead of localhost.
203# Install fedora-ds-base and set up replication (see ./HOWTO-SETUP-LDAP
204#   and ./fedora-ds-enable-ssl-and-kerberos.diff).
206# Make the services dirsrv, nslcd, nscd, postfix, and httpd start at
207# boot. Run chkconfig to make sure the set of services to be run is
208# correct.
210# cd /etc/postfix; postmap virtual
211# Otherwise postfix will appear to work, but actually not deliver mail
213# Run fmtutil-sys --all, which does something that makes TeX work.
215# Ensure that PHP isn't broken:
216# # mkdir /tmp/sessions
217# # chmod 01777 /tmp/sessions
219# Reboot the machine to restore a consistent state, in case you
220# changed anything.
222# (Optional) Beat your head against a wall.
224# Possibly perform other steps that I've neglected to put in this
225# document.
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