source: tags/fc9-eol/server/doc/ @ 1257

Last change on this file since 1257 was 1237, checked in by mitchb, 15 years ago
Small fixes to the server installation doc
File size: 9.2 KB
1# This document is a how-to for installing a Fedora server.
3set -e -x
5[ -e /scripts-boot-count ] || echo 0 > /scripts-boot-count
9boot=${1:$(cat /scripts-boot-count)}
11doreboot() {
12    echo $(( $boot + 1 )) > /scripts-boot-count;
13    shutdown -r now "Rebooting for step $(cat /scripts-boot-count)"
16YUM() {
17    NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum "$@"
20# Helper files for the install are located in server/fedora/config.
22# Start with a normal install of Fedora.
24if [ $boot = 0 ]; then
25# When the initial configuration screen comes up, under "Firewall
26# configuration", disable the firewall, and under "System services", leave
27# enabled (as of Fedora 9) acpid, anacron, atd, cpuspeed, crond,
28# firstboot, fuse, haldaemon, ip6tables, iptables, irqbalance,
29# kerneloops, mdmonitor, messagebus, microcode_ctl, netfs, network, nscd, ntpd,
30# sshd, udev-post, and nothing else.
31    echo "--disabled" > /etc/sysconfig/system-config-firewall
32    for i in NetworkManager avahi-daemon bluetooth cups isdn nfslock pcscd restorecond rpcbind rpcgssd rpcidmapd sendmail; do
33        chkconfig "$i" off
34    done
36# Edit /etc/selinux/config so it has SELINUX=disabled and reboot.
37    sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
38    doreboot
41if [ $boot = 1 ]; then
42# Create a scripts-build user account, and set up rpm to build in
43# $HOME by doing a
44# cp config/home/scripts-build/.rpmmacros /home/scripts-build/
45# (If you just use the default setup, it will generate packages
46# in /usr/src/redhat.)
47    adduser scripts-build
49# Check out the svn repository. Configure svn not to cache
50# credentials.
52    YUM install -y subversion
54    cd /srv
55    svn co svn://$source_server/trunk repository
57    sed -i 's/^(# *)*store-passwords.*/store-passwords = no/' /root/.subversion/config
58    sed -i 's/^(# *)*store-auth-creds.*/store-auth-creds = no/' /root/.subversion/config
59# The same tweaks should be made on /home/scripts-build/.subversion/config
60# once it exists (do something with svn as scripts-build)
62    chown -R scripts-build /srv/repository
64# cd to server/fedora in the svn repository.
65    cd /srv/repository/server/fedora
67# Run "make install-deps" to install various prereqs.  Nonstandard
68# deps are in /mit/scripts/rpm.
69    make install-deps
71# Install bind
72    YUM install -y bind
74# Check out the scripts /etc configuration
75    cd /root
76    svn co svn:// etc
77    \cp -a etc /
79# yum remove nss_ldap, because nss-ldapd conflicts with it
81# env NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum install scripts-base
82    YUM install -y scripts-base
84# Rebuild mit-zephyr on a 32-bit machine, like the one at Joe's home.
86# Remember to set NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 anytime you're setting up
87# anything, e.g. using yum. Otherwise useradd will query LDAP in a stupid way
88# that makes it hang forever.
90# Install and configure bind
91# - env NSS_NONLOCAL_IGNORE=1 yum install bind
92# - chkconfig named on
93# - service named start
95# Reload the iptables config to take down the restrictive firewall
96# service iptables restart
98# Copy over root's dotfiles from one of the other machines.
100# Replace rsyslog with syslog-ng by doing:
101# # rpm -e --nodeps rsyslog
102# # yum install syslog-ng
104# Install various dependencies of the scripts system, including syslog-ng,
105# glibc-devel.i586, python-twisted-core, mod_fcgid, nrpe, nagios-plugins-all.
107# Disable NetworkManager with chkconfig NetworkManager off. Configure
108# networking on the front end and back end, and the routing table to send
109# traffic over the back end. Make sure that chkconfig reports "network" on, so
110# that the network will still be configured at next boot.
112# Fix the openafs /usr/vice/etc <-> /etc/openafs mapping by changing
113#  /usr/vice/etc/cacheinfo to contain:
114#       /afs:/usr/vice/cache:10000000
115# Also fix ThisCell to contain in both directories
117# Figure out why Zephyr isn't working. Most recently, it was because there
118# was a 64-bit RPM installed; remove it and install Joe's 32-bit one
120# Install the athena-base, athena-lprng, and athena-lprng-misc RPMs
121# from the Athena 9 build (these are present in our yum repo).  Note
122# that you will have to use --nodeps for at least one of the lprng
123# ones because it thinks it needs the Athena hesiod RPM.  It doesn't
124# really.  Before doing this, run it without --nodeps and arrange to
125# install the rest of the things it really does depend on.  This will
126# include a bunch of 32-bit rpms; go ahead and install the .i586 versions
127# of them.  In the case of the Kerberos libraries, you'll be told that
128# there are conflicting files with the 64-bit versions of the packages,
129# which we scriptsify.  You'll have to use --force to install those
130# rpms despite the conflicts.  After doing that, you may want to
131# install the corresponding 64-bit scriptsified versions again, just
132# to be safe in case the 32-bit versions overwrite files that differ.
133# When you try this, it will complain that you already have the same
134# version installed; again, you'll need to use --force to do it anyway.
135# Yuck.
137# Install the full list of RPMs that users expect to be on the
138# servers.  See server/doc/rpm and
139# server/doc/rpm_snapshot.  (Note that this is only a snapshot, and not
140# all packages may in fact be in use.)
142# Check which packages are installed on your new server that are not
143# in the snapshot, and remove ones that aren't needed for some reason
144# on the new machine.  Otherwise, aside from bloat, you may end up
145# with undesirable things for security, like sendmail.
147# Check out the scripts /usr/vice/etc configuration
148    cd /root
149    mkdir vice
150    cd vice
151    svn co svn:// etc
152    \cp -a etc /usr/vice
154# Install the full list of perl modules that users expect to be on the
155# servers.
156# - export PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1
157# - Run 'cpan', accept the default configuration, and do 'o conf
158#   prerequisites_policy follow'.
159# - Parse the output of perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 on an existing
160#   server, and "notest install" them from the cpan prompt.
161# TO DO THIS:
162# On another server, run:
163# perldoc -u perllocal | grep head2 | cut -f 3 -d '<' | cut -f 1 -d '|' | sort -u | perl -ne 'chomp; print "notest install $_\n" if system("rpm -q --whatprovides \"perl($_)\" >/dev/null 2>/dev/null")' > /mit/scripts/config/perl-packages.txt
164# Then on the server you're installing,
165#    cat perl-packages.txt | perl -MCPAN -e shell
167# Install the Python eggs and Ruby gems and PEAR/PECL doohickeys that are on
168# the other servers and do not have RPMs.
169# - Look at /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages and
170#           /usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages for Python eggs and modules.
171#   First use 'yum search' to see if the relevant package is now available
172#   as an RPM, and install that if it is.  If not, then use easy_install.
173# - Look at `gem list` for Ruby gems.
174#   Again, use 'yum search' and prefer RPMs, but failing that, 'gem install'.
175# - Look at `pear list` for Pear fruits (or whatever they're called).
176#   Yet again, 'yum search' for RPMs before resorting to 'pear install'.  Note
177#   that for things in the beta repo, you'll need 'pear install package-beta'.
178# - Look at `pecl list` for PECL things.  'yum search', and if you must,
179#   'pecl install' needed items.
181# echo 'import site, os.path; site.addsitedir(os.path.expanduser("~/lib/python2.6/site-packages"))' > /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/00scripts-home.pth
183# Install the credentials.  There are a lot of things to remember here:
184#   o You probably installed the machine keytab long ago
185#   o Use ktutil to combine the host/ and
186#     host/ keys with host/ in
187#     the keytab.  Do not use 'k5srvutil change' on the combined keytab
188#     or you'll break the other servers.
189#   o The daemon.scripts keytab
190#   o The SSL cert private key
191#   o The LDAP password for the signup process
192#   o The SQL password for the signup process
193#   o The LDAP keytab for this server, which will be used later
194#   o Replace the ssh host keys with the ones common to all scripts servers
195#   o You'll install an LDAP certificate signed by the scripts CA later
196#   o Make sure root's .k5login is correct
197#   o Make sure logview's .k5login is correct
199# If you are setting up a test server, pay attention to
200# /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts and do not bind scripts' IP address.
201# You will also need to modify /etc/ldap.conf, /etc/nss-ldapd.conf,
202# /etc/openldap/ldap.conf, and /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost_ldap.conf to
203# use instead of localhost.
205# Install fedora-ds-base and set up replication (see ./HOWTO-SETUP-LDAP
206#   and ./fedora-ds-enable-ssl-and-kerberos.diff).
208# Make the services dirsrv, nslcd, nscd, postfix, and httpd start at
209# boot. Run chkconfig to make sure the set of services to be run is
210# correct.
212# cd /etc/postfix; postmap virtual
213# Otherwise postfix will appear to work, but actually not deliver mail
215# Run fmtutil-sys --all, which does something that makes TeX work.
217# Ensure that PHP isn't broken:
218# # mkdir /tmp/sessions
219# # chmod 01777 /tmp/sessions
221# Reboot the machine to restore a consistent state, in case you
222# changed anything.
224# (Optional) Beat your head against a wall.
226# Possibly perform other steps that I've neglected to put in this
227# document.
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